Given the sudden release of powerful, pregnancy hormones, it’s little wonder many women experience emotional swings in early pregnancy. It’s normal, and quite common, for feelings to shift from wonder and joy to irritability and uncertainty.
Fatigue, frequent urination and breast tenderness often occur during this stage. Some women experience food aversions and nausea.
- It can strike at any time of the day or night (not just in the morning).
- It usually begins in the first trimester but can last throughout pregnancy.
- Frequent snacking, sipping ginger ale or water with lemon may help relieve nausea. Ask your doctor if taking vitamin B6 may also help.
Severe morning sickness (hyperemesis gravidarum) is rare and can be dangerous. Unrelenting nausea or vomiting may require medical treatment (including IV fluids) to prevent dehydration, weight loss and premature contractions.
Guidelines for pregnant women follow the same tenets as general good nutrition: a healthy, balanced diet of nourishing, whole foods. Your health team can offer specifics on the importance of folic acid, calcium, iron and protein and recommend special prenatal vitamins or dietary supplements.
Avoid raw eggs or shellfish, processed or undercooked meats and unpasteurized juice or dairy products. General fluid needs increase during pregnancy. The current recommendation is to drink about 10 cups of fluids each day. Your urine should appear pale in color. Limit caffeine and eliminate alcohol altogether. If you are a smoker, talk to your doctor about ways to stop.
Look for prenatal exercise or yoga classes in your area.
Rearrange your schedule to make sure you get the rest you need – treat yourself to a pregnancy massage!
Start looking for childbirth, breast-feeding and infant CPR/safety classes.
Look into details of your health insurance and maternity/paternity leave coverage.